How to Write Masters Dissertation/ Thesis

How to Write a Dissertation /Thesis for Masters PhD

Whats is Dissertation ?

A dissertation is a long academic paper that is based on your own original research. It is usually the last thing a PhD or Masters student has to do to finish the programme. Most likely, your dissertation is the longest thing you’ve ever written. It takes good research, writing, and analysis skills, and knowing where to start can be scary.
What’s the difference between a dissertation vs. a thesis?
Different levels of academic mastery are shown in dissertations and theses.Master’s students in the U.S. usually write theses, while doctoral students usually write dissertations.


How to Write a Dissertation Thesis : Step-by-Step Guide

Content / Steps in Writing PhD Master Thesis

  1. Title page
  2. Deceleration
  3. Certificate
  4. Acknowledgments
  5. Abstract
  6. Table of Contents
  7. List of Figures and Tables
  8. List of Abbreviations
  9. Introduction (Chapter 1)
  10. Literature review (Chapter 2)
  11. Methodology (Chapter 3)
  12. Implementation & Results  (Chapter 4)
  13. Conclusion  (Chapter 5)
  14. Reference list
  15. Appendices
  16. Bibliographic
  17. List of Publications

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1. Title page/ Cover Page

The title of your dissertation, your name, department, organisation, degree programme, and the submission date are all on the first page of your document. Your student ID number, the name of your mentor, and the university’s emblem may also be included. Many programmes have rigorous guidelines for the dissertation title page’s formatting. When printing and binding your dissertation, the title page is frequently used as the front cover. After Cover pages come Deceleration then Certificate . Sometimes it depends upon university format.

2. Deceleration

3. Certificate

4. Acknowledgements

The acknowledgements section, which is typically optional, provides space for you to express gratitude to everyone who supported your dissertation’s creation.
This may include your mentors, study subjects, and close friends or family who helped you.

5. Abstract

The abstract, which is typically between 150 and 300 words long, is a concise description of your dissertation.
When you’ve finished the remainder of the dissertation, you should write it very last. Ensure the following in the abstract:
  • List the major focus and objectives of your study. Describe the research methodologies you employed.
  • summarise the key findings
  • Summarize your findings.
Despite being relatively brief, the abstract is the first—and occasionally the only—part of your dissertation that readers will read, so it’s crucial that you get it correctly.

6. Table of Contents

Include a table of contents with a complete listing of all of your sections, including headers and page references. The contents page of your dissertation should provide an overview of the document’s organisation and allow the reader to quickly find information of interest. It is recommended that you include the appendices in the table of contents for your dissertation. Word has an in-built feature that will automatically create a table of contents for you.

7. List of Figures and Tables

The usage of numerous tables and figures  should be mention in this section.
You can automatically generate this list using the Insert Caption feature in Word.

8. List of Abbreviations

The reader of your dissertation will appreciate an alphabetized list of abbreviations if you have used many of them throughout your work.

9. Introduction (Chapter 1)

The introduction should outline the whole extent of your project and the role you will play in the area.  When writing the beginning to their dissertation, many doctoral and master’s level candidates find it helpful to refer back to their original proposal.  You will need to rewrite the introduction if your project’s scope or nature has changed dramatically after you started working on it.
Remember to set the stage for your dissertation by providing some introductory material.  In addition, provide a sneak peek at your study’s approach, objectives, and findings. 
In Introduction Chapter you can also add section of
Literature Gap,
Problem Statement: A problem statement, explaining what the problem is with the current state of research (in other words, where the knowledge gap exists)
10. Literature review (Chapter 2)

Before you begin your research, you should have done a literature review to learn everything you can about the academic work that has already been done on your topic. In the literature review chapter or section of your dissertation, you shouldn’t just summarize the studies that have already been done. Instead, you should create a clear structure and argument that shows why your own research is important. Many students make the mistake of thinking that the literature review chapter is just a summary of what other researchers have said.

Even though this is partly true, a literature review isn’t just a summary.
To write a good literature review chapter, you must do at least three things:
  • You need to combine the research that has already been done, not just summarise it. In other words, you need to show how the different parts of the theory fit together and what researchers agree on and what they don’t.
  • You need to point out a hole in the research that your research will fill.In other words, you have to describe the problem in order for your research topic to offer a solution.
  • You need to look at the research that has already been done to help you design your own research.

11. Methodology (Chapter 3)

This chapter describes and justifies the data gathering method used. This chapter also outlines how you analyzed your data. Begin by describing the method you chose and why this method was the most appropriate. In doing so, you should cite reference literature about the method. Next, detail every step of the data gathering and analysis process. Although this section varies depending on method and analysis technique chosen, many of the following areas typically are addressed:

  • The overall approach and type of research (e.g. qualitative, quantitative, experimental, ethnographic)
  • Your methods of collecting data (e.g. interviews, surveys, archives)
  • Details of where, when, and with whom the research took place
  • Your methods of analyzing data (e.g. statistical analysis, discourse analysis)
  • Tools and materials you used (e.g. computer programs, lab equipment)

A discussion of any obstacles you faced in conducting the research and how you overcame them, an evaluation or justification of your methods

12. Implemention & Results (Chapter 4)

The results chapter usually just shows the processed data in a neat and clear way without any explanation. The discussion chapter, on the other hand, explains what the data show, or how you see the results.
This section can be organized around sub-questions, hypotheses, or topics.
Only report results that help you reach your goals and answer your research questions.
In some fields, the section on the results is kept completely separate from the section on the discussion, while in others, the two are put together.

Discussion (According to Format, Discussion can be included in this section or Separate Chapter )

In the discussion, you talk about what your results mean and how they relate to your research questions. Here, you should give a detailed explanation of the results, talking about whether or not they met your expectations and how well they fit into the framework you built in earlier chapters. If any of the results came as a surprise, explain why this might be the case. It’s a good idea to think about how your data could be interpreted in different ways and talk about any limitations that could have affected the results.

13. Conclusion (Chapter 5)

In this chapter, you’ll bring your research full circle by pointing out the most important things you learned from your study and explaining what these things mean.
What do “key findings” mean?
The key findings are the ones that answer your original research questions and help you reach your overall research goals (which you discussed in your introduction chapter).
On the other hand, the implications explain what your findings mean for business or for research in your field.

14. Reference list

In a reference list, you must give full information about every source you’ve used (sometimes also called a works cited list or bibliography).
It’s important to use the same reference style every time.
Each style has strict rules about how your sources should look in the reference list.

15. Appendices

Bibliographic essay. Questionnaire and coding manual, if any. Raw data.

16. Bibliographic

Include all relevant sources examined, whether cited or not.

17. List of Publications

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